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The Town Hall La Rouaudière welcomes you to the town's website.
The manor In a former 17th century presbytery, you will enjoy a rural break. The cottage can accommodate 19 people spread over 2 dormitories and 4 bedrooms. (Sanitary facilities, showers, reception room and fitted kitchen)
The Rouaudière church The Church of Our Lady of the Assumption.
The Rouaudière school La Rouaudière school welcomes your children.

HISTORY AND MONUMENTS, PLACES TO VISIT AND DISCOVER


- Presentation of the Rouaudière

- The Coat of Arms of La Rouaudière

- History

- Feudality

- Some Lords of La Rouaudière

- Some Lords of the Huberderie

- The mayors of La Rouaudière throughout history.

Architecture :

- The Priory

- The Castle

- La Blottais' manor house

- The Chapel of Our ­Lady Of All ­Helpers

- The Oak of Notre ­Dame De La Chauvière

- The Church of the Three Marys

- Plaque commemorating Abbot Alexandre Denis Girardot

 

 

La Rouaudière

Canton of Saint-Aignan-sur-Roë

District of Château-Gontier

Surface area: 1 900 ha

Inhabitants: Roalderians

River: the Cheran

 

 

Former Names of the Rouaudière :

 - Ecclesia que Roalderia dicitur, 1136 (Cart. de la Roë, f. 23).

- Sancta Maria de Roalderia, 1136 (Ibid., f. 6).

- Prior de la Renaudière, 1398 (Nat. Arch., X/1a. 45, f. 168).

- Prieuré de la Rouaudière, 1414 (Ibid., P. 338).

- The village of La Rouaudière, 1450 (Arch. de M.-et-L., Pouancé).

- La Rouauldière, 1480 (Dict. topog.).

- La Rovaudière (Jaillot).

- Les Trois-Maries de la Rouaudière, 1758.

Index

 

The Rouaudière coat of arms :

Two large families are represented at La Rouaudière.

The Lords of Jaille

Blason

Lord of the Rouaudière and Huberdière at the beginning of the 13th century.

 

The Lords Jacquelot

Blason

Lord of Rouaudière and Saultray, end of the 15th century.

 

It was necessary to choose which of these two families would represent La Rouaudière.   

After researching the Archives of the Mayenne, they told us that only the arms of an extinct family can be collected by a commune. It is in fact forbidden to usurp existing weapons and, if the family is still represented, any re-use of its weapons would be assimilated to usurpation.

Finally, and most importantly, we can only give the municipality a new coat of arms if it does not already have one.

After checking in Abbot Angot's Armorial monumental de la Mayenne, there is only one reference for La Rouaudière (p. 363), and it is not relevant. On the other hand, the tourist information office of the canton of Saint-Aignan-sur-Roë published a booklet entitled Nos blasons et leur histoire (Our coats of arms and their history), compiled by Antoinette Homps, in 1989, published by Raynard. On p. 12 you will find the coat of arms of La Rouaudière, derived from that of the La Jaille family. It is Or, with a tapered band Gules, i.e. with a golden background surmounted by an oblique band of red rhombuses.

It is therefore the coat of arms of the de la Jaille family that today represents the Rouaudière.

Index

 

HISTORY

Occupation is attested to as early as the Neolithic period thanks to a set of furniture (axe, hammer axe) found on its territory. The village is situated in the Chéran valley which has its source in the Andigné woods. The cartography of the megaliths and the toponymy make it possible to determine a protohistoric axis.

 

HAMMER HAMMER

NeolithicHache Marteau

Private collection

This heart-shaped hammer axe was discovered in 1976 at the Beauvais farm. The function of these objects is still undetermined today. They are generally heart-shaped with a heel and a cutting edge on either side of the handle. Dating has not been established, but it would seem that these axes were used at the end of the Neolithic period. The greatest density of these tools is found in Upper Brittany. However, a significant concentration is found in the south-western part of Mayenne, on the border between Anjou and Brittany.

 

- GRINDSTONE

120 B.C. -50 BC

Granite (d: 35 cm)

The rotating grinding wheel appeared at La Tène finale.

It is made up of two elements, the upper part of which, the catilus, can be rotated by means of a wooden handle fitted on the side. This fragment of the dormant part, known as the meta, 35 centimetres in diameter, was unearthed in 1988 in a ditch bordering a field in the vicinity of the Blanchardières farm. This is the second discovery in the canton. The existence of this tool attests that protohistoric farmers produced cereals.

 

SUNDIAL :

This sundial dated 1637....

 Cadran solaire

 Index

 

Feudality

In 1136, La Rouaudière (Roalderia) was a priory-curate dependent on the abbey of La Roë and mentioned in act 45 of the cartulary of Notre-Dame-de-La-Roë Abbey on which is mentioned the donation by Griferius de Congreio (Congrier) of the church to Robert de Monte-nazé, abbot of La Roé.

La Rouaudière depends on the Barony of Pouancé.

Under the Ancien Régime, the parish of La Rouaudière was attached to the Angevin barony of Craon, which itself depended on the main seneschal of Angers and the elected country of Château-Gontier.

In feudal times, a fortified castle existed where the village of La Rouaudière is now located. This old castle was the nucleus around which the parish was formed. Its existence is not in doubt; the remains of the old feudal chapel, destroyed only in 1842, are proof of this. The courtyard farmhouse, built so close to the church, bears witness by its name that it was the farmhouse of the castle courtyard.

The old castle was defended by a large moat which forbade its entry. These moats have been filled in. There were also underground passages, the last of which was filled in around 1880. Mr Cholet, the parish priest of La Rouaudière from 1857 to 1895, wrote in his memoirs: "the last underground was destroyed, filled in and plugged up before my very eyes. »

 In the 17th century, after the destruction of their castle - of which the remains were still visible in 1850 - located near the church, the lords established their headquarters at La Huberderie.

 The second seigniorial house is Le Tais, whose owners go back to the 20th century. In 1843, the fiefdom of Vildé was returned to La Rouaudière, which abandoned La Chevronnais, Les Renardières and the mill to the commune of Congrier and to Saint-Aignan-sur-Roé, all the land from the bridge over the Etang de la Chevronnais pond to the mills of Les Fossettes and the village of La Primais.

Until the end of the 19th century, bricks were manufactured at the place known as the Four-à-Carreaux.

 Index

 

Some Lords of La Rouaudière :

- Lisois de la Rouaudière, lord lord suzerain of Griferius de Congrier, who gave his share of 

 the church at la Roë, from 1128 to 1136.

- Gestin de la Jaille, Seigneur de la Rouaudiere et de la Huberdière, 1208

- Raoul de la Jaille, 1232

- Briand de la Jaille, 1353

- Estor de la Jaille, 1453.

- Louis de la Jaille, 1494.

- Philippe Jacquelot, Lord of Saultray

- Louis Jacquelot , 1621

- Philippe Jacquelot bought the seigneury of La Rouaudière in 1631.

Index

Some Lords of Huberderie :

- Louis de la Jaille, 1594

- Bertrand Beu,

- Jacquelot de la Huberderie, 1627

- Jacques Pantin ( married to Louise Jacquelot )

- Jean Pantin, Lord of the Rouaudière, 1713

- M. de Saint-Moran, 1766.

- M. de la Chevière,

Index

 

The mayors of La Rouaudière throughout history :

M. Jean JULIOT, 1791

M. Mathurin PIPARD, January 1793.

The municipality is disorganised, year IV.

M. Jacques DOUDET, 1798.

M. JULIOT fils, June 1799.

Mr. Paul PAILLARD (resigns), 1800.

Mr Jean-Joseph BOUCHER, 1800, 1813.

M. Louis LETORT de la Chevrolais, 1813, 1815.

M. Paul PAILLARD, 1815, 1827.

M. Jean PECOT, 1829, 1836.

M. Pierre BLANCHARD, 1837.

M. Jean VIVIEN, 1840, 1843.

M. Jacques LORIER, 1850, 1852.

M. Jean DOINEAU, 1855, 1892.

M. Louis SALLIOT, 1892

Mr Paul VIVIEN, 1945 to 1995

Mrs Elisabeth DOINEAU, 1995 to 2008

Mr. Patrice BOISSEAU, 2008 to March 2014

Mr Philippe HEUZE, 2014 to 18 May 2020

Mr Thierry JULIOT, Since 18 May 2020

 

Index

Architecture :

 The Priory Le Prieur

15th and 17th centuries

The congregation of the Genovefains of La Roë, founded priories in certain towns around the abbey. In 1135, Pope Innocent II confirmed the donation of the priory­ parish priest of La Rouaudière to the canons of La Roë. In 1450, Prior Jacques Cheminard agreed with the prior of La Madeleine-de-Pouancé­that he would have the presentation while the latter would have the school "maistrerie" snack. March 27th

1783, Abbot Girardot (executed during the Revolution) took possession of the premises, in front of Me Cheneau, royal apostolic notary of the city of Angers: he was the last prior-curate.

The priory, sold during the Revolution, was bought by M. Gautier, the parish priest, and then sold to M. Vivien.

At the end of the 19th century, an adjoining building was constructed according to the plans of M. Foubert, an architect from ­Sillé-le-Guillaume. The new presbytery was completed and delivered to the clergy on 1 October 1897. Nowadays, transformed into a gite d'étape, and known as a manor house, it can accommodate up to 19 people.

Index

The CASTLE

17th centuryLa Huberderie

La Huberderie

The Huberderie was founded by the parish priest Jacquelot on 27th November 1623.

After the destruction of their castle in the 17th century, the lords of La Rouaudière established the seat of their lordship at La Huberderie.

The Lords of Huberderie also owned the fiefdom of Vildé. The latter was then an enclave dependent on the commune of Congrier. Monsieur Letort, a former senior employee of the King's farms in the Barony of Pouancé, acquired the fiefdom of Vildé in the 17th century. The Saint­ Louis Chapel was founded by the parish priest Louis Houillot in 1627. The dwelling has a tower, still at an angle, which apparently served as a small dovecote.

Index

Le Manoir De La BLOTTAIS (tower)

17th centuryManoir de la Blottais

La Blottais 

This manor has kept its original turret. At the beginning of the 19th century, it was the property of the de La Blotais family from Maine et Loire. Armand de La Blotais was mayor of Gesté in the canton of Beaupreau from 2 August 1816 until 1830. Fortuné de La Blotais was mayor of the same commune from 1870 to 1908. Today, the manor house is the main residence of farmers.

Index

The Chapel OUR­ LADY OF ­ALL ­HELPERS

1730 Chapelle de notre dame de toute aide

This chapel is situated in a field near the farmhouse of La Grossière. It is also known as Notre ­Damede-Bon­ Secours. It owes its construction to the parish church. Indeed, the latter was originally consecrated to the Virgin Mary, then in 1606, it came under the patronage of the Trois-Marie family. Some parishioners protested and decided to build, at their own expense, this chapel dedicated to the Blessed Virgin, on a plot of land donated by the lord of La Huberderie. On 18th June 1730, two thousand people attended the blessing of the building and the statue of Our­ Lady of ­All ­Helpers.

The annual festival is fixed on the day of the Visitation. It is well attended due to the infinite number of healings and consolations attributed to his intercession. At the end of the 19th century, work was undertaken: the chapel was extended and a bell was added. The bell of the presbytery was installed there, on a temporary basis, to allow the services to be rang.

The altar dates from June 1897. On 15 August of the same year, the old procession is re-established, and brings together more than five hundred people.

Index

The Oak Of OUR ­LADY OF ­THE ­BOAUSTAIRE

Le Chène

The origin of the veneration of the oak of Notre ­Dame­­ de La ­Chauvière has not reached us. It is sometimes referred to as the place where an unsermented priest would have celebrated the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass during the Revolution. In the 19th century, a wooden box containing a statue of the Virgin Mary was hung on the trunk. In 1897, with the oak tree on common land, the parish priest asked the mayor, M. Saillot, for permission to undertake work due to the poor condition of the box used as a chapel.le chène

The priest then decided to begin digging the trunk in order to establish an inner chapel. This task was carried out in a fortnight by the wheelwright and blacksmith, a week before the Assumption. Exvotos ­were hung on the trunk in thanksgiving for the graces granted by Our ­Lady.

 

Index

CHURCH OF THE THREE MARIES

1842-1843 église

 

The church of La Rouaudière, a heritage to be rediscovered.

The church was ransacked during the Revolution.  

A new church in ogival style was built on the square in 1842.

Like many country churches, the church at La Rouaudière is only open for certain ceremonies. It has also suffered the ravages of time.

le chène

However, it deserves some attention. Rebuilt between 14 April 1842 and 8 September 1843 on the site of the former church dedicated to the Three Marys in 1606, according to the plans of Maximilien Godefroy, an architect who spent some time in the United States, it is one of the first examples in Mayenne of the rediscovery of the Gothic style. Modern at the time in its architecture, it remains traditional in its furnishings: its choir, decorated with a very large altarpiece, is inspired by 17th century Laval models.

It preserves an interesting set of mid-19th century statutes by the sculptors Barême and Barré (from Angevin and Rennes), and paintings from the 17th and 19th centuries.

The high ­altar is the work of Monsieur Baudier d'Evron.

Index

COMMEMORATIVE PLAQUE

19th centuryAbbé Alexandre Denis Girardot

Church of the Three Marys

This plaque recalls the memory of Father Alexandre Denis Girardot, former parish priest of La Rouaudière, a martyr priest, shot in Craon on 17 March 1796.

Alexandre Denis Girardot was born in Cumières, diocese of Reims on April 17, 1740.

The young man felt called to monastic life at a very early age and entered the order of Canons Regular of the Congregation of France.

The monks of this order then directed the major seminary of Reims.

On 27th March 1783, he took possession of the priory parish priest of La Rouaudière where his superiors had sent him.

Soon the revolutionary storm broke out, Mgr Girardot, on his refusal to take an oath to the constitution, was interned in the Cordeliers' prison in Laval on 20 June 1792.

He was then deported to England and returned to La Rouaudière in March 1795.

From that date on he has carried out his ministry with heroic dedication, risking his life at every moment. Several Christian families in La Rouaudière secretly gave him refuge. We mention in particular the Delanoé ladies.

Mgr Girardot also knew the hiding places of the Huberderie, which often served as a refuge for him.

At the end of 1795, after a brief lull, the massacres began again. The struggle was fierce in our regions where royalists and blues tore each other apart. Bishop Girardot went into hiding again and did not want to abandon his flock. His presence was kept secret. On March 16, 1796, Mgr Girardot was busy hearing confessions when suddenly, he was warned that the Craon guard was coming to La Rouaudière and he was urged to leave. Betrayed by a royalist in whom he had full confidence, Mgr Girardot was arrested when he had taken refuge with the Delanoé ladies.  He was taken, under good escort, to Craon where he was thrown into prison. The death sentence was not long in coming. The day after his arrest, 17 March 1796, Bishop Girardot was taken outside the town to be shot. His body was buried in the place where he had been shot and remained there until 1822.

This year, a mission was preached at Craon by the Jesuits of Laval. Having learned the details of Bishop Girardot's death, they had his remains searched for and locked them in a wooden crate. The inhabitants of La Rouaudière received with joy the bones from the arm of the holy priest.

Accompanied by a missionary, they took the precious relic and placed it in the sanctuary of their church, enclosed in the wall not far from the high altar where a commemorative plaque was affixed.

Index

 

 

 

 

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12, Street of Maine
53390 La rouaudière
 
Opening time
to the public :
 Monday and Friday
of 9h à 12h00
 
Phone/Fax : 02 43 06 54 67
 mairie.la.rouaudiere@wanadoo.fr

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2021-07-31 12:49